Pallet Size and Dimensions – The Complete Guide

Pallet Size and Dimensions

I know choosing a suitable pallet size and dimensions can be a challenging process in the shipping and logistics industry.

For this reason, this guide will take you through the fundamental aspects you should know when choosing shipping pallets sizes.

Let’s dive right in.

Recommended Standard Pallet Size Dimensions

Pallets are rectangular or square-shaped flat horizontal structures that give a storing or transportation foundation to goods.

The sizes of pallets vary from one country to another.

The standardization of pallets has progressed in their sizes and reusability.

Pallet size and dimensions

Pallet sizes and dimensions

The standardization was necessitated by the rise in global trade.

These standards are reflected on the International Organisation of Standardization (ISO) pallet list.

There are many pallet sizes around the world.

Despite this, ISO has only approved six dimensions of the available pallets.

The most used pallet dimensions are;

  1. Length and width: standard pallets measure 1200 mm by 1000 mm.
  2. The height of the pallet: in most pallets, it is 145 mm
  • The size and thickness of the deck boards (80 mm wide by 190 mm long by 25 mm thick)
  1. Size of the stringers and blocks

Corner blocks are 160 mm long, 95 mm wide and 95 mm high.

Centre blocks are 95 mm long 95 mm wide and 95 mm high

Stringers are 1200mm long, 95 mm wide and 25 mm thick.

They also have two-wheel openings on the 1200mm length.

The wheel openings are 95 mm in height and 357.5 mm wide.

  1. The opening height (usually 95 mm)

The standard dimensions of the approved six pallet size are shown in the table below.

Dimensions mm (LXW) Dimensions inches (LXW) unused ISO container floor area Region of common use
1219 X 1016 48 X 40 3.7% North America
1200 X 1000 47.24 X 39.37 6.7% Europe, Asia, similar to 48’’ X 40”
1165 X 1165 45.9 X 45.9 8.1% Australia
1067 X 1067 42.00 X 42.00 11.5% North America, Europe, Asia
1100 X 1100 43.30 X 43.30 14% Asia
1200 X 800 47.24 X 31.50 15.2% Europe because it fits in most doorways

The standard sizes of pallets vary depending on the region they are used.

The most dominant regions in shipping have their standard pallet size and dimensions for their region.

The most dominant regions are;

  1. Europe,
  2. North America, and
  • Australia

Parts of pallets

Parts of pallets

Let’s look at the standard sizes for each region.

  1. Standard sizes of pallets in North America
S/NO Dimensions (WXL) inches Dimensions (WXL) mm Industries of application
1 48 x 40 1219 x 1016 Groceries
2 42 x 42 1067 x 1067 Telecommunication and paints
3 48 x 48 1219 x 1219 Drums
4 40 x 48 1016 x 1219 Military and cement
5 48 x 42 1219 x 1067 Chemicals and beverages
6 40 x 40 1016 x 1016 Dairy
7 48 x 45 1219 x 1143 Automotive
8 44 x 44 1118 x 1118 Drums and chemicals
9 48 x 20 1219 x 508 Retail
10 35 x 45.5 889 x 1156 ½ ISO containers in Military
11 36 x 36 914 x 914 Beverages
12 48 x 36 1219 x 914 Shingles, packaged paper and beverage
  1. standard pallet sizes in Australia
S/NO Dimensions (WXL) inches Dimensions (WXL) mm Region of most use
1 45.90 x 45.90 1165 x 1165 Australia, New Zealand
  • standard pallet sizes in European countries
S/NO Dimensions (WXL) inches Dimensions (WXL) mm Industries of application
1 31.5 x 47.24 800 x 1200 EUR, EUR 1
2 47.24 x 39.37 1200 x 1000 EUR 2
3 39.37 x 47.24 1000 x 1200 EUR 3
4 31.50 x 23.62 800 x 600 EUR 6

There are other international sizes of pallets that are used in other areas.

Product name L x W x H in inches L x W x H in mm Countries of most use
Timber block pallet 48 x 40 x 5.55 1219 x 1016 x 141 USA, Italy and New Zealand
Wooden pallet 47.24 x 39.37 x 6.38 1200 x 1000 x 162 Latin America, India, UK, New Zealand and most European countries
Wooden & metal pallets 31.50 x 23.62 x 6.42 800 x 600 x 163 USA, UK and most European countries
Wooden pallet 31.50 x 23.62 x 6.53 800 x 600 x 166 France
Wooden pallets 47.24 x 47.24 x 6.06 1200 x 1200 154 India and China
Wooden pallet 47.24 x 39.37 x 6.06 1200 x 1000 x 154 New Zealand
Timber half pallet 47.24 x 20 x 5.04 1220 x 508 x 128 Canada
Bearer pallet 47.24 x 47.24 x 5.90 1200 x 1200 x 150 Namibia and South Africa
Bearer pallet 59 x 47.24 x 6.13 1500 x 1200 x 176 Namibia and South Africa
Wooden pallet 47.24 x 31.50 x 5.67 1200 x 800 x 144 Europe, South Africa, UK and India
Wooden pallet 45.87 x 45.87 5.90 1165 x 1165 x 150 Australia and New Zealand
Pallet Mercosur 47.24 x 39.37 x 5.71 1200 x 1000 x 145 Argentina and USA

Custom pallets, however, have no standard sizes and dimensions.

They are designed with specified dimensions by the end-user.

These critical measurements are used for specific supply chain and logistic demands.

The factors involved in designing custom pallets and their sizes are;

  • Transport mode
  • Destination of the supply chain
  • The handling procedures required for the package
  • The environmental conditions need by the package
  • The size of the package

The custom pallets must meet the weight requirements for loading and the durability of the pallets.

They are not all made of the same size.

Some dimensions include;

  1. 48 x 45 inches custom pallet: they provide maximum support for Gaylord boxes.

They are most used in the automotive industry.

  1. 102 x 52 inches pallets: require large and overweight package support.

Most used in the aviation industry.

  • 32 x30 inches pallets are four-way types of pallets.

Are beneficial in warehouse storage and access

Mostly used in the e-commerce industry.

  1. 18 x 18 inches skid: most common in steel and metal industry.

They are best in supporting heavy steel that is rolled or coils

How Pallet Size And Dimensions Determine Weight Carry Capacity

Plastic shipping pallets dimensions

Plastic shipping pallets dimensions

A standard pallet can carry between 3700 pounds to 4600 pounds.

The strength and load capacity of pallets is determined by their size, material and design of construction.

Two same-size pallets can support different weights depending on the material used.

Bottom decked pallets can support more load because of the extra deck at the bottom.

The dimensions also decide the surface area that can support the load capacity.

How Size And Dimensions Determine Price Of Shipping Pallets

There are numerous standard pallets sizes used in shipping.

Bigger pallets will cost more material to construct.

This in effect increases the price of the pallets.

Design dimensions also affect the price of the pallet.

For example, stringer pallets will cost more than block pallets because;

  1. They can handle more weight
  2. The stringer boards’ cost adds to the overall cost of pallets.
  • They are sturdier and durable compared to block pallets.

How Pallet Size And Dimension Determine Use And Application

The sizes and dimensions of pallets affect the area they can be used.

Each pallet is more effective in its designed area of application.

Dimensions mm (LXW) Dimensions inches (LXW) Dominant areas of application
1219 X 1016 48 X 40 Grocery
1200 X 1000 47.24 X 39.37 Military and cement
1165 X 1165 45.9 X 45.9 Chemicals and beverages
1067 X 1067 42.00 X 42.00 Telecommunication, paint
1100 X 1100 43.30 X 43.30  Drums and chemicals
1200 X 800 47.24 X 31.50 Military ½ ISO container

Additional Information:

How To Prepare Pallets For Global Shipment

Pallets Manufacturers In China

For all your shipping pallets from China, contact us now.

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