Parts of a Ship副本

Here are 161 Critical Parts of a Ship you should Know

Whether you are a ship builder or shipping company, knowing the critical components of a ship is critical. It will help you understand how a ship functions thereby ensuring safety during ocean freight.

Every facility ranging from the navigational instruments to the safety gadgets is crucial in the working efficiency of a ship.

Let’s look at some critical components of a ship.

1. Bridge

It is the central part of the ship that contains the navigational and control facilities. They use radar, GPS, and communication equipment to navigate and avoid any danger that might be along the way.

Parts of a Cargo Ship
Parts of a Cargo Ship

2. Monkey Island

The open deck situated on top of the bridge was used for observation and housed the antennas and other forms of communication devices. It does not obstruct the view of the area surrounding it.

3. Funnel

The funnel that discharges the fumes from the ship’s boilers and engines. It is also designed to take care of the environment since it filters emissions.

4. Bulbous Bow

A large nose on the front part of the hull below the water line, which modifies the flow of water around the hull in an effort to decrease drag and consequently fuel consumption.

5. Inverted Bow

A shape that is bent forward and downward, which slices through the waves to improve the vessel’s speed and minimize drag; featured in most contemporary and fast vessels.

6. Axe Bow

A more vertical bow line that plows through the waves rather than floating on top of them, thus minimizing slamming and increasing the ship’s efficiency in bad weather.

7. Hold

The part of the ship where the goods are stored to ensure they reach their destination safely. It is also divided into several compartments to ensure an even weight distribution.

8. Bow Thrusters

Additional engines located at the bow are used for maneuvering and docking when the primary propulsion needs to be shut down, usually in tight quarters.

9. Accommodation

This consists of the cabins for the crew, the kitchen, dining and resting areas, and other forms of entertainment. It also plays a role in making sure that the crew is in good health as well as comfortable, especially during lengthy endeavors at sea.

10. Main Deck

The main deck runs from the bow section to the stern part of the ship, is considered strong, and is designated for accommodating essential equipment and the hold.

Ship Parts
Ship Parts

11. Upper Deck

Another part of the ship’s superstructure is right above the main deck and is used for additional hold as well as for passengers or crew, as the case may be.

12. Weather Deck

Typically, the usual outermost deck provides direct access to the life rafts as well as other amenities.

13. Lower Deck

Second tier is located just below the primary one and might be intended for additional loading space, technical rooms, or living quarters.

14. Poop Deck

Raised structure at the rear or stern of the vessel from which the boat was directed and managed in the past. They also include public access to the flagpole and equipment used in case of an emergency on board the ship.

15. Foredeck

Forward end of the main deck is used for handling anchors and mooring equipment, as well as storage of deck equipment.

16. Hull

The hull may be described as the fixed structural envelope of a ship, within which accommodation spaces are located and which protects those spaces from the sea.

17. Freeboard

Usually, the height, measured from the top of the hull to the waterline, is crucial for the ship to float and exclude water.

18. Main Engine

The main driving power may be a large diesel engine that provides the needed power to move the ship over water.

19. Fresh Water Generator

Water purification or filtration equipment which filters sea water and makes it fit for drinking, cooking and washing of utensils for the crew.

20. Alternator (Auxiliary Engine)

An electric generator that has its own auxiliary engine is used to supply electrical power to the ship while its main engine is off.

Parts of Cargo Ship
Parts of Cargo Ship

21. Air Compressor

A compressor is a machine that delivers compressed air for uses that include starting engines, operating pneumatic tools, and controlling systems.

22. Boiler

A structure that produces steam for use in heating, as a fuel for the propulsion system, or to drive auxiliary equipment. This is very crucial in ensuring that the operations carried out on board go smoothly.

23. Heat Exchanger

A heat exchanger is a piece of equipment that is involved in transferring heat from one fluid to another and is used on board ships for heating or cooling a number of systems in a ship.

24. Shafting

The component that transmits mechanical power from the engine to the propeller, which plays vital roles in propulsion and speed regulation.

25. Purifier

A device used for washing fuel and lubricating oil to remove unwanted particles that may hinder engine functioning and reduce equipment’s life.

26. Calorifier

A water heating unit that supplies hot water for domestic purposes as well as for heating the accommodation spaces of the ship.

27. Pumps

Pumps employed in the transfer of fluids like water, fuels, and oils, which are important in ballast and firefighting, amongst other activities.

28. Incinerator

Equipment used for incinerating waste materials, minimizing waste on board, and meeting environmental requirements.

29. Deck House

A structure that is erected on the deck to provide accommodation, machinery, or storage facilities essential to the functioning of the ship.

30. Stem

The extreme front end of the ship’s bow that supports the construction and propels the ship as it moves through the water.

31. Stern

Stern is the part of the ship containing the steering gear and the propeller and is built to be as smooth and streamlined as possible.

Parts of Loaded Container Ship
Parts of Loaded Container Ship

32. Side Thrusters

Outward thrusters on the sides of the ship are used for sideward motion and controlled movements required during docking and undocking.

33. Forecastle

Specifically, it is located in the forward part of the upper deck, which is used for storage and placement of the crew serving the foredeck.

34. Deck Crane

A crane fixed on the deck for loading and unloading of cargo is very critical equipment for cargo operations at the port.

35. Propeller

A propeller is a rotating structure that helps to drive the ship forward by converting the power of the engine into the thrust essential for movement and speed management.

36. Rudder

A board mounted horizontally at the rear of the boat that controls the direction of the water flow as the vessel moves.

37. Rudder Pintles

A pivot that connects the rudder to the stern post to enable it to swing back and forth to offer support and direction while steering.

38. Paint Room

A special room for storing paint and allied materials that has provisions for proper ventilation and firefighting arrangements.

39. Emergency Generator Room

This is a space that could accommodate backup generators to provide power to vital facilities in the event of a main power outage.

40. Ballast Tanks

Tight divisions in the hull that contained water to ensure the ship’s buoyancy and the correct amount of displacement required for sailing.

41. Bunker Tanks

Fuel oil storage tanks are used for the main engine and generators to guarantee sufficient energy during voyages.

42. Duct Keel

A strengthened zone situated in the lower part of the hull for pipe and cable accommodation and as the structure support and shield.

43. Ship Cargo Gear

Such amenities as cranes, winches, and derricks are used in the handling of cargoes to and from ships during loading and off-loading processes.

44. King Post/Samson Post

Towers on which cargo handling gears are fixed to give support in lifting high tonnage capacities.

45. Cargo Hold

Holds are situated below the deck to accommodate bulk cargo as well as being as

46. Hatch Cover

Coamings sealing off the tops of the cargo hold it against water, which is essential for the preservation of the stowed commodities.

47. Mast

A slender structure that extends vertically and is used to house navigation lights, communication antennas, rigging, and has a critical function in ship operation.

48. After Peak Bulkhead

It is a transverse partition located at the stern part of the ship to create a convenient division of the compartments and to serve as a structural component.

49. Collision Bulkhead

Ahead of it there is a watertight bulkhead in case of collision so that the ship does not sink and remains buoyant.

50. Corrugated Bulkheads

A corrugated type to provide additional strength and stiffness to the structure, for instance in cargo areas.

51. Engine Room Bulkhead

Transverse and longitudinal steel or preferably watertight partitions built to protect machinery within the engine room and shield them from noise and heat.

52. Removable/Portable Bulkhead

Rolling or folding partitions that can be shifted depending on the type of goods to be shipped and the settings needed.

53. Strength Bulkhead

The transverse partitions that form small frames used to support the ship’s body bear various loads during operation.

54. Swash Bulkhead

Individual tanks in the ship to reduce movement of the liquids and balance the stability of the ship in course of voyage.

55. Center Girders

Frames constructed longitudinally along the centerline of the ship to aid in load bearing and support.

56. Side Girders

These bottom chine members lie horizontally and are situated along the sides of the ship and are part of the hull structure.

57. Keel

A flat plate that extends longitudinally at the bottom of the hull serving as the backbone of the ship and gives it strength.

58. Floors

Continuous structural members running from one side of the vessel to the other, supporting the hull and deck and carrying the loads.

59. Frames

Those who are mounted on members cross the vessel and are screwed on the keel are responsible for forming the hull form and the strength of the vessel.

60. Transverse

Transverse members located in a vertical plane in relation to the keel and which also contribute to the structural integrity of the hull.

Cargo Ship Parts and Components
Cargo Ship Parts and Components

61. Deck Beams

They are used to support the deck but at the same time provide additional load-bearing capability on the structure.

62. Deck Girders

Transverse beams for overhead platforms that are essential in ensuring the stability and load-bearing capacity of the deck.

63. Longitudinals

Afford structural members running forward from the keel and parallel to it to support the hull and control stress forces.

64. Deck Plating

The metal plates form the outer shell of the deck in order to make it very strong and watertight to a certain extent.

65. Shell Plating

A set of metal plates on the outer side of the hull which safeguards the ship and proffers a good barrier against water.

66. Bottom Plating

On the bottom of the hull the plating has to be thick in order to supply the structure and it has to be hermetically sealed.

67. Bilge Plating

In the bilge area, anti-corrosive protective plating is applied; apart from this, the strengthening of the hull structure takes place.

68. Web Frames

Extended members were employed for providing the hull support, bearing some of the loads and enhancing the structural stability to the structure.

69. Bracket

Members that tie together beams and girders, giving support and sharing loads at intersections.

70. Beam Knee

Built-up sections where beams intersect with girders in order to increase strength and load-bearing capacity at joints.

COSCO Shipping Line
COSCO Shipping Line

71. Pillar

Structural members that run vertically within the ship’s structure, helping in supporting and redistributing loads within the structure of the ship.

72. Bilge Keel

Transverse fins placed along the side of the hull so as to cause less rolling and better stability in waves.

73. Intercostal

Secondary members connect between main frames and offer further strengthening and rigidity to the hull.

74. Panting Beams

Horizontal beams in the bow area strengthen the structure with respect to panting forces resulting from wave loads.

75. Tank Side Bracke

Strengthening shelves in tanks, increasing the strength of the tank design, and preventing the formation of blisters.

76. Panting Stringers

Horizontal stiffeners in the bow, decreasing stresses that produce panting and increasing the vessel’s solidity.

77. Tank Tops

This forms the flat working platform and part of the structural support on the upper surface of double-bottom tanks.

78. Anchor

An anchor is a hulk that is thrown into the water to fasten the ship so as to ensure it retains its position in the sea or harbor.

79. Tripping Ring

A part of the anchor that is triggered to free the anchor from the bottom of the sea to aid in the process of pulling it back to the water surface.

80. Shank

This is the component of the anchor that extends from the flukes to the crown and offers a purchase for the anchor to gain its position.

81. Flute

The scoop of the anchor, which creates the necessary hold to keep the ship in place by digging into the sea bottom.

82. Crown

The curved part at the junction of the shank and flukes that provides the means of spreading the anchor’s weight.

83. Stack

Another term that can be used to refer to the funnel is the venting exhaust gases from the engines and boilers.

84. Chain Cable

The massive chain used to fasten the anchor to the ship during operations that involve the laying down of an anchor.

85. Chain Locker

An area that is easily accessible and where the chain is stowed should be provided for the anchor chain.

86. Spurling Pipe

The pipe that the anchor chain runs through from the deck to the chain locker in order to protect the chain and ship structure.

87. Hawse Pipe

An opening in the hull containing the anchor chain, through which the chain passes from the deck to the water and to the sea bed.

88. Anchor Lashing

To prevent movement and ensure the safety of the anchor, attach the anchor in a secure position when not in use.

89. Windlass System

The equipment required to lift and lower the anchor is necessary in an anchor handling operation.

90. Drum (Storage)

Ropes and cables storage with cylindrical shapes, which helps to avoid entanglement of products.

91. Drum (wrapping)

It is a cylindrical-shaped tool used on the winches for drawing ropes and cables where mechanical advantage is required during the working process.

92. Dog Clutch

A component that is used to connect and disconnect power transmission mechanisms commonly used on winches and some types of equipment.

93. Shaft

A component that rotates in order to transfer power from the engine to the propeller necessary for motion.

94. Manual Brake Wheel

A wheel that was rotated by hand to engage the brake system of winches and other related machinery for enhancement of control and safety measures.

95. Clutch Lever

A device for engaging or disengaging the clutch, regulating the supply of power to the machinery onboard the ship.

96. Hydraulic Brake

The hydraulic brake system involves the use of hydraulic fluids to assist in achieving smooth and controlled braking for the running of the machinery.

97. Gypsy Wheel

A wheel on the windlass with a series of grooves that engage with the anchor chain to aid in lifting and lowering the anchors.

98. Cable

Some of the important accessories include heavy-duty ropes or chains to be used in the mooring, anchoring, and towing of the ships.

99. Gear

Moving and power-transmitting parts that are essential for its proper working within a mechanical system.

100. Winch Reel

A cylinder-type device that is employed to coil and contain cables or ropes while offering leverage during their usage.

101. Anchor Chain

A piece of equipment that links the anchor to the ship so that it can resist the forces exerted during anchoring.

102. Control Pedestrian

An effective and efficient traffic control system on the ship to manage the movement of passengers and personnel.

103. Chain Stopper

Equipment employed to prevent the anchor chain from paying out or being retrieved when not intended to do so.

104. Speed Lever

The wheel that regulates the speed of handling winches and other equipment, providing accurate management.

105. Riding Powel

A structure for securing the anchor chain so as to be tightly secured in place during anchoring operations.

106. Electric Motor

An electric motor that is used to run several other machines and equipment on board ships.

107. Instruments

Equipment used in determining and observing speed, direction, and other factors relating to ship performance and state.

108. Sensors

Electronic gadgets used for sensing and measuring physical properties used for navigation, safety, and to control the functioning of machines and ship.

109. Radar

A system that was designed to emit radio waves and bounce them back to sense objects and their position in relation to the ship. It’s important for purposes of direction, avoiding an obstacle, and observing the weather.

110. GPS (Global Positioning System)

A navigation system utilizing satellite signals for determining the position and time of a receiver instantaneously. More importantly, it is essential for accurate positioning, direction determination, and making sure that the vessel remains on the right path.

111. Compass

A compass is an instrument used to measure direction in relation to the magnetic north and south poles of the earth. It is useful for navigation and direction setting, which helps in determining the right direction for a ship.

112. VHF Radio (Very High Frequency)

A radio transmitter and receiver that uses a marine VHF band for transmitting messages from one vessel to another vessel or a vessel to the shore. This is crucial for safe operations, particularly in unfamiliar waters, and for communication with other port stakeholders.

113. Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB)

A tool that sends a distress signal as well as the ship’s coordinates to the respective service providers. This is important for ensuring the safety of the crew during emergencies.

114. Searchlight

A highly focused light that is employed for illuminating roads at night, searching objects in the dark, and rescuing operations. This is particularly true since it improves visibility where there is little or no light at all.

1115. Navigation Lights

Essential beacons specified by nautical standards to identify a vessel’s location, direction, and operational conditions. They assist in avoiding contact with other vessels since they can easily be observed by other ships, particularly at night or in murky waters.

116. Anchor Windlass

A device employed in lifting and lowering anchors. It offers the necessary leverage to move the heavy anchor and chain that are vital for anchoring purposes.

117. Chain Locker

A space in which the anchor chain is kept. It makes certain that the chain is well stored and readily available as and when needed for anchoring the boat.

118. Hawsepipe

A tube that runs through the hull of the ship and through the deck that the anchor chain runs through. This helps in navigating and shielding the chain during anchoring processes.

119. Anchor Gear

The equipment that includes the anchor, the chain, and the windlass, as well as any other related equipment. It is very useful in ensuring that the ship is well anchored at sea or in the harbor.

120. Wind Speed Indicator

A tool used to indicate the velocity of wind blowing. It is used for navigation purposes, the management of sails, and the determination of meteorological conditions.

121. An Anemometer

This is an apparatus that measures wind speed and velocity. It has applications in weather tracking and managing changes in direction or even speed due to the force of the wind.

122. Gyrocompass

A navigation tool that employs a rapidly spinning wheel known as the gyroscope to determine the true north that is not influenced by magnets. It gives clear directional information, which is very essential in an area one needs to locate.

123. Satellite Communication System

A system through the use of satellites to offer dependable communication for voices, data, and the internet. This is important in providing communication links to shore business activities and in case of any distress situations.

124. Winch

A mechanical apparatus that is employed to pull in or let out the mooring lines so as to exert the required amount of pressure to hold the ship at the dock or to anchor it.

125. Capstan

A vertical cylindrical drum that turns to wind in mooring lines; an equipment used to allow the ship to be anchored or adjusted during the docking process.

126. Bitts

Main vertical posts on the deck where mooring lines are secured to ensure the ship does not drift or move from its mooring position.

127. Chain Stopper

A safety system designed to ensure that the anchor chain does not run out accidentally while deploying and retrieving the anchor.

128. Cargo Crane

A crane on the ship for loading and unloading cargo is important for efficiently moving goods within the port area.

129. Derricks

Lifting and moving masts with pivoted booms to provide flexibility in the handling of cumbersome loads.

130. Hatch Cover

A protective shield used over a cargo hatch to make certain that water or destructive factors do not penetrate the cargo hold and harm the cargo.

131. Lashing Points

Specific places on the deck to which the cargo had to be tied with ropes, chains, or straps to avoid shifting and rolling during transportation.

132. Mooring Winch

A large vessel utilized in managing the mooring lines and aiding in anchoring the ship at the dock or pier, assisting in maintaining stability and safety in dock-to-ship activities and vice versa.

133. Fairleads

Equipment used to control and stabilize the mooring line position to avoid contact with the hull and properly function.

134. Cleats

Rigging hardware is installed on the deck, designed to accommodate ropes and wires. They offer a fast and efficient way of making fast knots and controlling lines.

135. Cargo Gear

Cargo handling gear such as cranes, winches, and hatch covers. This gear is very crucial in the operation of the port and enhances the handling of the cargo to the maximum.

136. Hatch Coamings

Rubber stowage areas along the edges of hatches that do not allow water to get into the cargo holds. They are important to ensure the water tightness of the interior compartments of the vessel.

137. Container

A well-defined transfer vehicle or container that is employed in transporting products from one place to another through different modes of transport. Containers help in loading and unloading as well as in transferring from one means of transport to another, such as ships, trucks, or trains.

138. Forklift

Transport equipment used in material handling that involves dealing with cargo within the ship and in the ports. It has a crucial role in the management of cargoes.

139. Steering Gear

The mechanism that turns the rudder, thereby enabling the ship to steer. It can be indispensable for staying on the right course.

140. Ballast Pumps

Pumps are used to control the ballast water that is either taken on or discharged to regulate the ship’s stability and draft as it loads or sails.

141. Bilge Pumps

Bilge pumps are the pumps that are designed to pump out the water that gathers in the lowest part of the hull. These are crucial in ensuring that the ship remains watertight and afloat at all times.

142. Sewage Treatment Plant

There is a waste water and sewage treatment system on the ship to make sure that the liquid discharged overboard complies with environmental standards.

143. Fresh Water Tanks

Water storage tanks for potable water that the crew uses to drink, cook, and clean themselves and their equipment. These tanks are very essential in ensuring that life on shipboard is sustainable, especially during long sea journeys.

144. Ballast Water Tanks

Tanks adopted to engage or discharge water in a bid to regulate the stability of a ship and its correct trim. They are very important in ensuring safety while navigating and also in managing the loads.

145. Fuel Tanks

Fuel oil tanks for the main engines and generators of the vessel. They provide a constant supply of energy for propulsion and power on the ship.

146. Lubricating Oil System

An equipment that delivers oil to the engines and other parts of the ship; it minimizes wear and tear, thus enhancing efficiency and durability.

147. Ventilation System

It ensures that fresh air circulates throughout the ship to eliminate stale air and ensure a healthy atmosphere for the crew and working areas.

148. Air Conditioning System

An HVAC system that controls the level of heat and moisture inside the ship to provide comfort for the people on board.

149. Galley

This is a facility on board the ship where food is prepared for consumption by passengers and crew members. It has provisions for cooking utensils as well as food storage, which are necessary for the sustenance of the crew members.

150. Mess Room

The place on the ship where the crew and other crew members take their meals. It is intended for use by the whole crew, and its primary function is to offer leisure and entertainment facilities for the workers.

151. Laundry Room

A laundry with washing machines and dryers used to wash crew uniforms and individuals’ clothes to adhere to set hygiene standards on board.

152. Engine Room Control Room

The ship’s operations in the engine room are overseen and coordinated from this control station. They contain instruments and controls for the operation of propulsion and auxiliary systems.

153. Navigation Bridge

The part of the ship where operations of navigation and control of the vessel take place. It contains important tools such as the compass, radar, and GPS.

154. Pilot House

A section of the bridge where the steering of the ship takes place. It encompasses the steering wheel, navigation controls, and communication gadgets critical to navigation.

155. Chartroom

It is a room in a ship or other vehicle in which navigational charts and documents are stored and from which courses are plotted and voyages planned.

156. Wheelhouse

Another term used for the pilot house, particularly the area that contains the wheel and other navigational instruments. This is important for the steering and movement of the ship in a specific direction as desired.

157. Bilge Pumps

Pumps intended for the removal of the water that may collect in the bilge, which is the lowest compartment of the ship’s structure. These are very important for floatation and protection from water intrusion, which makes the vessel seaworthy.

158. Lifeboat Davits

These are structures used for supporting and launching lifeboats, like those of a crane. They are crucial for the safe and effective release of lifeboats in emergency situations, protecting the crew and passengers.

159. Pilot Ladder

A folding kind of ladder for pilots boarding and alighting from aircraft that may be made from flexible materials but has rigid steps. They are essential during unsafe pilot transfers and especially during rough weather conditions at sea.

160. Sun Deck

A large uncovered space on the ship where the travelers may sit and even sun-tan. It is for entertainment and relaxation, increasing the general well-being of passengers during the trip.

161. Swimming Pool

There is a pool on the ship to entertain the passengers. It also enhances the onboard facilities and the quality of the journey that passengers experience on board.


Every structural system in a ship, ranging from the bilge pump to the sun deck, has vital functions in maintaining the ship’s safety, functionality, and conveniences.

Notice of these components makes the viewers realize the intricacies of the engineering of maritime systems and the significance of each segment in managing and sustaining the vessels.

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